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During the 1C AD Ephesus was the second largest city on the planet after Rome with more than 250.000 citizens. It was in the center of the known world and played the role of a gateway between the East and the West. With its gaint horbour it was lso the center of trading in antiquity. It was not only a rich commercial city but also an impressivecity that even Mark Anthony and Cleopatra spent their honeymoon in Ephesus. It is also home to one of the seven wonders of the ancient world, Temple of Artemis.
Although we got to see only %18 of the original city, it is the second largest open air museum of the world after pompei in Italy. Also the excavations are still going on and every year new areas are being unearthed.
Ephesus is so well preserved that, walking on the ancient streets among the beautiful monuments such as the third largest library of the ancient world or the largest roman theatre on Asia continent gives you the feeling of a time traveller.
The city had a great part in the history of christianity, Apostle Paul probably spent two and a half years in Ephesus during his third missionary journey until a riot forced him to leave. Some authorities belive he was imprisoned in the so called Paul’s prison. It is also believed that after the crucifixoin Apostle John and Virgin mary travelled to Ephesus and both spent their last days there. John completed his bible in Ephesus. Ephesus was also the site of the third ecumenical council 431AD.